DNA - 101
For most of us, who have limited
backgrounds in the biological sciences, the subject of DNA testing for
genealogical research may be difficult to comprehend without a little
preparation. This DNA-101 Section
for the Knowles Surname DNA Project Status Report is an important prerequisite to
the proper understanding and the use of the test results obtained so far and for
the results to be
obtained in the future.
While the articles included in DNA-101 are
intended to be informative, this is by design a brief and incomplete explanation
of a very complex subject. You may
want to consult scientific literature concerning this subject for more rigorous
details and alternative views. Hopefully,
there is sufficient information included here in DNA-101 and in the other Sections of
the Knowles Surname DNA Status Report to satisfy your need to know and
understand how we are using genetics to support Knowles genealogical research.
DNA-101 by the
Blair Genealogy Project is another excellent attempt to
explain the extremely complex and confusing science of Genetics and DNA in
layman terms. The Blair DNA-101 article addresses DNA and DNA testing only as it applies to
The International Society of
Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)
is a non-commercial
non-profit organization dedicated to helping with a better
understanding of the use of new tools for genealogy research via
genetic testing. There are NO dues or fees to join, it is
entirely self-supporting by its members.
choose what you wish to give. Whether it's your
time to give a presentation or host a workshop at your local
genealogical society, or create photocopies to promote the society
at a convention, it's up to you. You will not be asked to spend your
time or contribute in a way you do not wish to. You may never
end up participating in that manner, but may just join to learn and
network, and that's okay too. The ISOGG
Site Map provides a quick way for you to find a variety
of DNA - 101 helpful articles.
REMEMBER: Your descendants, 50 to 100 years from now, will find your birth certificate,
your marriage license, your death certificate, your Census records, your drivers
license, your deeds, etc.; however, they will be very disappointed if they do
not find your genetic genealogy test results. Everyone interested in accurate
and proven genealogies and family histories should be tested.
No blood or needles are required for you to be
obtain a genetic genealogy test.
SURNAME DNA PROJECT
DNA - 101 ARTICLES
Knowles Surname Project DNA-101 articles included here have an active link in the listing below.
New or revised
DNA-101 articles will be posted as they are developed.
(Understanding your genetic
history: the jargon)
TESTING SELECTING A VENDOR
GENEALOGY: The Basics
(Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor)
(What are they & why are they
(Haplogroup Nomenclature by FTDNA)
(What does genetic distance mean)
NUMBER of ANCESTORS
& GENEALOGICAL DATABASE
MANY MARKERS SHOULD I TEST ?
TESTING for NATIVE AMERICAN HERITAGE
Adoption or Extra Marital Event
The Lab, Mutations, Etc.
Molecular Genealogy Animations
(explaining the dynamics of DNA)
Genetics 101, by 23andMe
(educational videos for genetics)
Genealogy by DNA: Can it
Deliver, by Janet Crain
Y-Chromosome Marker Significance Chart,